Coatings 2014, 4(2), 214-230; doi:10.3390/coatings4020214
Article

The Effect of Bias Voltage and Gas Pressure on the Structure, Adhesion and Wear Behavior of Diamond Like Carbon (DLC) Coatings With Si Interlayers

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Received: 12 February 2014; in revised form: 21 March 2014 / Accepted: 24 March 2014 / Published: 1 April 2014
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Abstract: In this study diamond like carbon (DLC) coatings with Si interlayers were deposited on 316L stainless steel with varying gas pressure and substrate bias voltage using plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) technology. Coating and interlayer thickness values were determined using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) which also revealed the presence of a gradient layer at the coating substrate interface. Coatings were evaluated in terms of the hardness, elastic modulus, wear behavior and adhesion. Deposition rate generally increased with increasing bias voltage and increasing gas pressure. At low working gas pressures, hardness and modulus of elasticity increased with increasing bias voltage. Reduced hardness and modulus of elasticity were observed at higher gas pressures. Increased adhesion was generally observed at lower bias voltages and higher gas pressures. All DLC coatings significantly improved the overall wear resistance of the base material. Lower wear rates were observed for coatings deposited with lower bias voltages. For coatings that showed wear tracks considerably deeper than the coating thickness but without spallation, the wear behavior was largely attributed to deformation of both the coating and substrate with some cracks at the wear track edges. This suggests that coatings deposited under certain conditions can exhibit ultra high flexible properties.
Keywords: diamond like carbon (DLC); plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD); Si interlayer; XPS; elastic modulus; wear; hardness; adhesion
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ward, L.; Junge, F.; Lampka, A.; Dobbertin, M.; Mewes, C.; Wienecke, M. The Effect of Bias Voltage and Gas Pressure on the Structure, Adhesion and Wear Behavior of Diamond Like Carbon (DLC) Coatings With Si Interlayers. Coatings 2014, 4, 214-230.

AMA Style

Ward L, Junge F, Lampka A, Dobbertin M, Mewes C, Wienecke M. The Effect of Bias Voltage and Gas Pressure on the Structure, Adhesion and Wear Behavior of Diamond Like Carbon (DLC) Coatings With Si Interlayers. Coatings. 2014; 4(2):214-230.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ward, Liam; Junge, Fabian; Lampka, Andreas; Dobbertin, Mark; Mewes, Christoph; Wienecke, Marion. 2014. "The Effect of Bias Voltage and Gas Pressure on the Structure, Adhesion and Wear Behavior of Diamond Like Carbon (DLC) Coatings With Si Interlayers." Coatings 4, no. 2: 214-230.

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