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Continuous Convective-Sedimentation Assembly of Colloidal Microsphere Coatings for Biotechnology Applications
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, North Carolina State University, 911 Partners Way, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
Golden LEAF Biomanufacturing Training and Education Center (BTEC), North Carolina State University, 850 Oval Drive, Centennial Campus, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 December 2012; in revised form: 26 January 2013 / Accepted: 29 January 2013 / Published: 6 February 2013
Abstract: Continuous convective-sedimentation assembly (CCSA) is a deposition method that constantly supplies the coating suspension to the meniscus behind the coating knife by inline injection, allowing for steady-state deposition of ordered colloids (which may include particles or cells or live cell-particle blends) by water evaporation. The constant inflow of suspended particles available for transport to the drying front yields colloidal arrays with significantly larger surface areas than previously described and thus expands the ability of convective assembly to deposit monolayers or very thin films of multiple sizes of particles on large surfaces. Using sulfated polystyrene microspheres as a model system, this study shows how tunable process parameters, namely particle concentration, fluid sonication, and fluid density, influence coating homogeneity when the meniscus is continuously supplied. Fluid density and fluid flow-path sonication affect particle sedimentation and distribution. Coating microstructure, analyzed in terms of void space, does not vary significantly with relative humidity or suspended particle concentration. This study evaluated two configurations of the continuous convective assembly method in terms of ability to control coating microstructure by varying the number of suspended polymer particles available for transport to the coating drying front through variations in the meniscus volume.
Keywords: continuous convective-sedimentation assembly; colloidal microsphere coatings; structure analysis; biotechnology applications of colloid coatings
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Jenkins, J.S.; Flickinger, M.C.; Velev, O.D. Continuous Convective-Sedimentation Assembly of Colloidal Microsphere Coatings for Biotechnology Applications. Coatings 2013, 3, 26-48.
Jenkins JS, Flickinger MC, Velev OD. Continuous Convective-Sedimentation Assembly of Colloidal Microsphere Coatings for Biotechnology Applications. Coatings. 2013; 3(1):26-48.
Jenkins, Jessica S.; Flickinger, Michael C.; Velev, Orlin D. 2013. "Continuous Convective-Sedimentation Assembly of Colloidal Microsphere Coatings for Biotechnology Applications." Coatings 3, no. 1: 26-48.