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Biosensors 2017, 7(4), 59; doi:10.3390/bios7040059

Cutting Edge Methods for Non-Invasive Disease Diagnosis Using E-Tongue and E-Nose Devices

Department of Chemical Engineering, Northeastern University, 313 Snell Engineering Center, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 September 2017 / Revised: 26 October 2017 / Accepted: 2 December 2017 / Published: 7 December 2017

Abstract

Biomimetic cross-reactive sensor arrays (B-CRSAs) have been used to detect and diagnose a wide variety of diseases including metabolic disorders, mental health diseases, and cancer by analyzing both vapor and liquid patient samples. Technological advancements over the past decade have made these systems selective, sensitive, and affordable. To date, devices for non-invasive and accurate disease diagnosis have seen rapid improvement, suggesting a feasible alternative to current standards for medical diagnostics. This review provides an overview of the most recent B-CRSAs for diagnostics (also referred to electronic noses and tongues in the literature) and an outlook for future technological development. View Full-Text
Keywords: electronic nose; electronic tongue; biomimetic sensors; cross-reactivity; volatile organic compounds; metabolomics; diagnostics electronic nose; electronic tongue; biomimetic sensors; cross-reactivity; volatile organic compounds; metabolomics; diagnostics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Fitzgerald, J.; Fenniri, H. Cutting Edge Methods for Non-Invasive Disease Diagnosis Using E-Tongue and E-Nose Devices. Biosensors 2017, 7, 59.

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