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Nanomaterials 2017, 7(9), 257; doi:10.3390/nano7090257

Production and Status of Bacterial Cellulose in Biomedical Engineering

1
Department of Bioprocess Technology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2
Young Researcher and Elite Club, Sabzevar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sabzevar, Iran
3
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
4
Bioprocessing and Biomanufacturing Research Center, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
5
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
6
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products, Univerciti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
7
Young Research and Elite Club, Parand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Parand, Iran
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 June 2017 / Revised: 30 August 2017 / Accepted: 1 September 2017 / Published: 4 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanofibrous Scaffolds for Biomedical Application)
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Abstract

Bacterial cellulose (BC) is a highly pure and crystalline material generated by aerobic bacteria, which has received significant interest due to its unique physiochemical characteristics in comparison with plant cellulose. BC, alone or in combination with different components (e.g., biopolymers and nanoparticles), can be used for a wide range of applications, such as medical products, electrical instruments, and food ingredients. In recent years, biomedical devices have gained important attention due to the increase in medical engineering products for wound care, regeneration of organs, diagnosis of diseases, and drug transportation. Bacterial cellulose has potential applications across several medical sectors and permits the development of innovative materials. This paper reviews the progress of related research, including overall information about bacterial cellulose, production by microorganisms, mechanisms as well as BC cultivation and its nanocomposites. The latest use of BC in the biomedical field is thoroughly discussed with its applications in both a pure and composite form. This paper concludes the further investigations of BC in the future that are required to make it marketable in vital biomaterials. View Full-Text
Keywords: bacteria cellulose; bacteria nanocellulose; wound dressing; scaffolds; biosensors bacteria cellulose; bacteria nanocellulose; wound dressing; scaffolds; biosensors
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Moniri, M.; Boroumand Moghaddam, A.; Azizi, S.; Abdul Rahim, R.; Bin Ariff, A.; Zuhainis Saad, W.; Navaderi, M.; Mohamad, R. Production and Status of Bacterial Cellulose in Biomedical Engineering. Nanomaterials 2017, 7, 257.

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