Exchange Bias Optimization by Controlled Oxidation of Cobalt Nanoparticle Films Prepared by Sputter Gas Aggregation
AbstractPorous films of cobalt nanoparticles have been obtained by sputter gas aggregation and controllably oxidized by air annealing at 100 °C for progressively longer times (up to more than 1400 h). The magnetic properties of the samples were monitored during the process, with a focus on the exchange bias field. Air annealing proves to be a convenient way to control the Co/CoO ratio in the samples, allowing the optimization of the exchange bias field to a value above 6 kOe at 5 K. The occurrence of the maximum in the exchange bias field is understood in terms of the density of CoO uncompensated spins and their degree of pinning, with the former reducing and the latter increasing upon the growth of a progressively thicker CoO shell. Vertical shifts exhibited in the magnetization loops are found to correlate qualitatively with the peak in the exchange bias field, while an increase in vertical shift observed for longer oxidation times may be explained by a growing fraction of almost completely oxidized particles. The presence of a hummingbird-like form in magnetization loops can be understood in terms of a combination of hard (biased) and soft (unbiased) components; however, the precise origin of the soft phase is as yet unresolved. View Full-Text
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Antón, R.L.; González, J.A.; Andrés, J.P.; Normile, P.S.; Canales-Vázquez, J.; Muñiz, P.; Riveiro, J.M.; De Toro, J.A. Exchange Bias Optimization by Controlled Oxidation of Cobalt Nanoparticle Films Prepared by Sputter Gas Aggregation. Nanomaterials 2017, 7, 61.
Antón RL, González JA, Andrés JP, Normile PS, Canales-Vázquez J, Muñiz P, Riveiro JM, De Toro JA. Exchange Bias Optimization by Controlled Oxidation of Cobalt Nanoparticle Films Prepared by Sputter Gas Aggregation. Nanomaterials. 2017; 7(3):61.Chicago/Turabian Style
Antón, Ricardo L.; González, Juan A.; Andrés, Juan P.; Normile, Peter S.; Canales-Vázquez, Jesús; Muñiz, Pablo; Riveiro, José M.; De Toro, José A. 2017. "Exchange Bias Optimization by Controlled Oxidation of Cobalt Nanoparticle Films Prepared by Sputter Gas Aggregation." Nanomaterials 7, no. 3: 61.