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Nanomaterials 2017, 7(2), 34; doi:10.3390/nano7020034

Synthesis of Multicolor Core/Shell NaLuF4:Yb3+/Ln3+@CaF2 Upconversion Nanocrystals

1
MIIT Key Laboratory of Critical Materials Technology for New Energy Conversion and Storage, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering & Key Laboratory of Micro-systems and Micro-Structures, Ministry of Education, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
2
Institute for Lasers, Photonics and Biophotonics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas Nann
Received: 20 December 2016 / Revised: 25 January 2017 / Accepted: 3 February 2017 / Published: 7 February 2017
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Abstract

The ability to synthesize high-quality hierarchical core/shell nanocrystals from an efficient host lattice is important to realize efficacious photon upconversion for applications ranging from bioimaging to solar cells. Here, we describe a strategy to fabricate multicolor core @ shell α-NaLuF4:Yb3+/Ln3+@CaF2 (Ln = Er, Ho, Tm) upconversion nanocrystals (UCNCs) based on the newly established host lattice of sodium lutetium fluoride (NaLuF4). We exploited the liquid-solid-solution method to synthesize the NaLuF4 core of pure cubic phase and the thermal decomposition approach to expitaxially grow the calcium fluoride (CaF2) shell onto the core UCNCs, yielding cubic core/shell nanocrystals with a size of 15.6 ± 1.2 nm (the core ~9 ± 0.9 nm, the shell ~3.3 ± 0.3 nm). We showed that those core/shell UCNCs could emit activator-defined multicolor emissions up to about 772 times more efficient than the core nanocrystals due to effective suppression of surface-related quenching effects. Our results provide a new paradigm on heterogeneous core/shell structure for enhanced multicolor upconversion photoluminescence from colloidal nanocrystals. View Full-Text
Keywords: core/shell nanocrystals; liquid-solid-solution method; thermal decomposition; multicolor emissions core/shell nanocrystals; liquid-solid-solution method; thermal decomposition; multicolor emissions
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, H.; Hao, S.; Yang, C.; Chen, G. Synthesis of Multicolor Core/Shell NaLuF4:Yb3+/Ln3+@CaF2 Upconversion Nanocrystals. Nanomaterials 2017, 7, 34.

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