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Nanomaterials 2016, 6(6), 103; doi:10.3390/nano6060103

Enhanced Activity of Supported Ni Catalysts Promoted by Pt for Rapid Reduction of Aromatic Nitro Compounds

1
State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
2
School of Chemical Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Hermenegildo García and Sergio Navalón
Received: 22 April 2016 / Revised: 11 May 2016 / Accepted: 13 May 2016 / Published: 4 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanoparticles for Catalysis)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3535 KB, uploaded 4 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

To improve the activities of non-noble metal catalysts is highly desirable and valuable to the reduced use of noble metal resources. In this work, the supported nickel (Ni) and nickel-platinum (NiPt) nanocatalysts were derived from a layered double hydroxide/carbon composite precursor. The catalysts were characterized and the role of Pt was analysed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) mapping, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) techniques. The Ni2+ was reduced to metallic Ni0 via a self-reduction way utilizing the carbon as a reducing agent. The average sizes of the Ni particles in the NiPt catalysts were smaller than that in the supported Ni catalyst. The electronic structure of Ni was affected by the incorporation of Pt. The optimal NiPt catalysts exhibited remarkably improved activity toward the reduction of nitrophenol, which has an apparent rate constant (Ka) of 18.82 × 10−3 s−1, 6.2 times larger than that of Ni catalyst and also larger than most of the reported values of noble-metal and bimetallic catalysts. The enhanced activity could be ascribed to the modification to the electronic structure of Ni by Pt and the effect of exposed crystal planes. View Full-Text
Keywords: supported catalysts; heterogeneous catalysis; nickel; platinum; reduction supported catalysts; heterogeneous catalysis; nickel; platinum; reduction
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Shang, H.; Pan, K.; Zhang, L.; Zhang, B.; Xiang, X. Enhanced Activity of Supported Ni Catalysts Promoted by Pt for Rapid Reduction of Aromatic Nitro Compounds. Nanomaterials 2016, 6, 103.

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