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Nanomaterials 2016, 6(12), 228; doi:10.3390/nano6120228

Refinement of Magnetite Nanoparticles by Coating with Organic Stabilizers

1
National Institute of Research and Development for Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, Donat 67-103, RO-400293 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2
Department of Chemistry, Humboldt-University Berlin, Brook-Taylor-Str. 2, 12489 Berlin, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas Nann
Received: 28 September 2016 / Revised: 7 November 2016 / Accepted: 18 November 2016 / Published: 29 November 2016
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Abstract

Magnetite nanoparticles are of great importance in nanotechnology and nanomedicine and have found manifold applications. Here, the effect of coating of magnetite nanoparticles with organic stabilizers, such as O-phosphoryl ethanolamine, glycerol phosphate, phospho-l-ascorbic acid, phospho-d,l-serine, glycolic acid, lactic acid, d,l-malic acid, and d,l-mandelic acid was studied. Remarkably, this procedure led to an improvement of saturation magnetization in three cases rather than to an unfavorable decrease as usually observed. Detailed X-ray powder diffraction investigations revealed that changes in the average crystallite occurred in the coating process. Surprisingly, changes of the average crystallite sizes in either direction were further observed, when the exposure time to the stabilizer was increased. These results imply a new mechanism for the well-known coating of magnetite nanoparticles with stabilizers. Instead of the hitherto accepted simple anchoring of the stabilizers to the magnetite nanoparticle surfaces, a more complex recrystallization mechanism is likely, wherein partial re-dispersion of magnetite moieties from the nanoparticles and re-deposition are involved. The results can help producers and users of magnetite nanoparticles to obtain optimal results in the production of core shell magnetite nanoparticles. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnetite nanoparticles; crystallite size; X-ray powder diffraction; coating; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; magnetic measurements magnetite nanoparticles; crystallite size; X-ray powder diffraction; coating; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; magnetic measurements
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cîrcu, M.; Nan, A.; Borodi, G.; Liebscher, J.; Turcu, R. Refinement of Magnetite Nanoparticles by Coating with Organic Stabilizers. Nanomaterials 2016, 6, 228.

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