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Nanomaterials 2014, 4(3), 792-812;

Self-Assembly in Biosilicification and Biotemplated Silica Materials

Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, CNRS, Collège de France, UMR 7574, Chimie de la Matière Condensée de Paris, F-75005 Paris, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 July 2014 / Revised: 29 July 2014 / Accepted: 30 July 2014 / Published: 4 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Self-Assembled Nanomaterials)
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During evolution, living organisms have learned to design biomolecules exhibiting self-assembly properties to build-up materials with complex organizations. This is particularly evidenced by the delicate siliceous structures of diatoms and sponges. These structures have been considered as inspiration sources for the preparation of nanoscale and nanostructured silica-based materials templated by the self-assembled natural or biomimetic molecules. These templates range from short peptides to large viruses, leading to biohybrid objects with a wide variety of dimensions, shapes and organization. A more recent strategy based on the integration of biological self-assembly as the driving force of silica nanoparticles organization offers new perspectives to elaborate highly-tunable, biofunctional nanocomposites. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-assembly; silica; biomineralization; biomimetism self-assembly; silica; biomineralization; biomimetism

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Fernandes, F.M.; Coradin, T.; Aimé, C. Self-Assembly in Biosilicification and Biotemplated Silica Materials. Nanomaterials 2014, 4, 792-812.

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