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Nanomaterials 2014, 4(2), 222-241; doi:10.3390/nano4020222

Recent Advances in the Application of Magnetic Nanoparticles as a Support for Homogeneous Catalysts

1 School of Chemistry and CRANN, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland 2 St. Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, St. Petersburg 197101, Russia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 February 2014 / Revised: 17 March 2014 / Accepted: 20 March 2014 / Published: 2 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Magnetic Nanomaterials)
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Magnetic nanoparticles are a highly valuable substrate for the attachment of homogeneous inorganic and organic containing catalysts. This review deals with the very recent main advances in the development of various nanocatalytic systems by the immobilisation of homogeneous catalysts onto magnetic nanoparticles. We discuss magnetic core shell nanostructures (e.g., silica or polymer coated magnetic nanoparticles) as substrates for catalyst immobilisation. Then we consider magnetic nanoparticles bound to inorganic catalytic mesoporous structures as well as metal organic frameworks. Binding of catalytically active small organic molecules and polymers are also reviewed. After that we briefly deliberate on the binding of enzymes to magnetic nanocomposites and the corresponding enzymatic catalysis. Finally, we draw conclusions and present a future outlook for the further development of new catalytic systems which are immobilised onto magnetic nanoparticles.
Keywords: magnetic nanoparticles; catalysis; magnetic recovery; homogeneous catalysts magnetic nanoparticles; catalysis; magnetic recovery; homogeneous catalysts
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Govan, J.; Gun'ko, Y.K. Recent Advances in the Application of Magnetic Nanoparticles as a Support for Homogeneous Catalysts. Nanomaterials 2014, 4, 222-241.

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