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Nano-Electrochemistry and Nano-Electrografting with an Original Combined AFM-SECM
Applied Thermodynamics Research Unit, National Engineering School of Gabès, Gabès University, Rue Omar Ibn-Elkhattab, 6029 Gabes, Tunisia
Laboratory of Chemistry of Surfaces and Interfaces, DSM/IRAMIS/SPCSI, Atomic Energy Commission of Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Department of Molecular Chemistry, Joseph Fourier University, Grenoble Cedex 09, France
Laboratory of Molecular Electrochemistry, Paris VII University, 2 Place Jussieu, Paris Cedex 05, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 April 2013; in revised form: 25 April 2013 / Accepted: 8 May 2013 / Published: 17 May 2013
Abstract: This study demonstrates the advantages of the combination between atomic force microscopy and scanning electrochemical microscopy. The combined technique can perform nano-electrochemical measurements onto agarose surface and nano-electrografting of non-conducting polymers onto conducting surfaces. This work was achieved by manufacturing an original Atomic Force Microscopy-Scanning ElectroChemical Microscopy (AFM-SECM) electrode. The capabilities of the AFM-SECM-electrode were tested with the nano-electrografting of vinylic monomers initiated by aryl diazonium salts. Nano-electrochemical and technical processes were thoroughly described, so as to allow experiments reproducing. A plausible explanation of chemical and electrochemical mechanisms, leading to the nano-grafting process, was reported. This combined technique represents the first step towards improved nano-processes for the nano-electrografting.
Keywords: AFM; SECM; nano-electrochemistry; nano-electrografting; AFM-SECM; surface; interface; nano-functionalization; nano-process
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MDPI and ACS Style
Ghorbal, A.; Grisotto, F.; Charlier, J.; Palacin, S.; Goyer, C.; Demaille, C.; Brahim, A.B. Nano-Electrochemistry and Nano-Electrografting with an Original Combined AFM-SECM. Nanomaterials 2013, 3, 303-316.
Ghorbal A, Grisotto F, Charlier J, Palacin S, Goyer C, Demaille C, Brahim AB. Nano-Electrochemistry and Nano-Electrografting with an Original Combined AFM-SECM. Nanomaterials. 2013; 3(2):303-316.
Ghorbal, Achraf; Grisotto, Federico; Charlier, Julienne; Palacin, Serge; Goyer, Cédric; Demaille, Christophe; Brahim, Ammar B. 2013. "Nano-Electrochemistry and Nano-Electrografting with an Original Combined AFM-SECM." Nanomaterials 3, no. 2: 303-316.