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J. Funct. Biomater. 2017, 8(2), 12; doi:10.3390/jfb8020012

Endovascular Embolization by Transcatheter Delivery of Particles: Past, Present, and Future

1
Department of Interventional Radiology, Division of Diagnostic Imaging, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
2
Department of Pathology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
3
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
4
Biomaterials Innovation Research Center, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02139, USA
5
Division of Interventional Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 5777 E Mayo Blvd, Scottsdale AZ 85054, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesco Cilurzo
Received: 16 November 2016 / Revised: 11 March 2017 / Accepted: 28 March 2017 / Published: 3 April 2017
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Abstract

Minimally invasive techniques to occlude flow within blood vessels, initially pioneered in the 1970s with autologous materials and subsequently advanced with increasingly sophisticated engineered biomaterials, are routinely performed for a variety of medical conditions. Contemporary interventional radiologists have at their disposal a wide armamentarium of occlusive agents to treat a range of disease processes through a small incision in the skin. In this review, we provide a historical perspective on endovascular embolization tools, summarize the current state-of-the-art, and highlight burgeoning technologies that promise to advance the field in the near future. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomaterials; biomedical devices; cardiovascular devices; drug delivery systems; microspheres; microfluidics biomaterials; biomedical devices; cardiovascular devices; drug delivery systems; microspheres; microfluidics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sheth, R.A.; Sabir, S.; Krishnamurthy, S.; Avery, R.K.; Zhang, Y.S.; Khademhosseini, A.; Oklu, R. Endovascular Embolization by Transcatheter Delivery of Particles: Past, Present, and Future. J. Funct. Biomater. 2017, 8, 12.

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