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J. Funct. Biomater. 2016, 7(1), 6; doi:10.3390/jfb7010006

Fabrication of Gelatin/PCL Electrospun Fiber Mat with Bone Powder and the Study of Its Biocompatibility

1
Department of Orthopaedic, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, No. 253, Gongye Avenue, Haizhu District, Guangzhou 510280, Guangdong, China
2
Department of Anatomy, Guangdong Provincial Medical Biomechanical Key Laboratory, Southern Medical University, Baiyun District, Guangzhou 510515, Guangdong, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesco Puoci
Received: 21 December 2015 / Revised: 29 January 2016 / Accepted: 5 February 2016 / Published: 4 March 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4288 KB, uploaded 4 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

Fabricating ideal scaffolds for bone tissue engineering is a great challenge to researchers. To better mimic the mineral component and the microstructure of natural bone, several kinds of materials were adopted in our study, namely gelatin, polycaprolactone (PCL), nanohydroxyapatite (nHA), and bone powder. Three types of scaffolds were fabricated using electrospinning; gelatin/PCL, gelatin/PCL/nHA, and gelatin/PCL/bone powder. Scaffolds were examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations. Then, Adipose-derived Stem Cells (ADSCs) were seeded on these scaffolds to study cell morphology, cell viability, and proliferation. Through this study, we found that nHA and bone powder can be successfully united in gelatin/PCL fibers. When compared with gelatin/PCL and gelatin/PCL/nHA, the gelatin/PCL/bone powder scaffolds could provide a better environment to increase ADSCs’ growth, adhesion, and proliferation. Thus, we think that gelatin/PCL/bone powder has good biocompatibility, and, when compared with nHA, bone powder may be more effective in bone tissue engineering due to the bioactive factors contained in it. View Full-Text
Keywords: gelatin; polycaprolactone; electrospinning; bone tissue engineering; scaffold gelatin; polycaprolactone; electrospinning; bone tissue engineering; scaffold
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rong, D.; Chen, P.; Yang, Y.; Li, Q.; Wan, W.; Fang, X.; Zhang, J.; Han, Z.; Tian, J.; Ouyang, J. Fabrication of Gelatin/PCL Electrospun Fiber Mat with Bone Powder and the Study of Its Biocompatibility. J. Funct. Biomater. 2016, 7, 6.

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J. Funct. Biomater. EISSN 2079-4983 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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