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Intelligence as a Developing Function: A Neuroconstructivist Approach

Department of Brain and Behavioural Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia 27100, Italy
Milan Center for Neuroscience, Milano 20126, Italy
Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, London WC1E 7HX, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Andreas Demetriou and George Spanoudis
Received: 23 December 2016 / Revised: 21 April 2017 / Accepted: 27 April 2017 / Published: 29 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cognitive Development and Intelligence)
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The concept of intelligence encompasses the mental abilities necessary to survival and advancement in any environmental context. Attempts to grasp this multifaceted concept through a relatively simple operationalization have fostered the notion that individual differences in intelligence can often be expressed by a single score. This predominant position has contributed to expect intelligence profiles to remain substantially stable over the course of ontogenetic development and, more generally, across the life-span. These tendencies, however, are biased by the still limited number of empirical reports taking a developmental perspective on intelligence. Viewing intelligence as a dynamic concept, indeed, implies the need to identify full developmental trajectories, to assess how genes, brain, cognition, and environment interact with each other. In the present paper, we describe how a neuroconstructivist approach better explains why intelligence can rise or fall over development, as a result of a fluctuating interaction between the developing system itself and the environmental factors involved at different times across ontogenesis. View Full-Text
Keywords: intelligence; individual differences; development; neuroconstructivism; emergent structure; developmental trajectory intelligence; individual differences; development; neuroconstructivism; emergent structure; developmental trajectory

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Rinaldi, L.; Karmiloff-Smith, A. Intelligence as a Developing Function: A Neuroconstructivist Approach. J. Intell. 2017, 5, 18.

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