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J. Intell. 2016, 4(1), 2; doi:10.3390/jintelligence4010002

Preventing Response Elimination Strategies Improves the Convergent Validity of Figural Matrices

1
Differentielle Psychologie und Psychologische Diagnostik, Universität des Saarlandes, Campus A1.3, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany
2
Differentielle Psychologie und Psychologische Diagnostik, Universität Ulm, Albert-Einstein-Allee 47, 89081 Ulm, Germany
3
Hochbegabtenforschung, Universität Trier, 54286 Trier, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 September 2015 / Accepted: 1 February 2016 / Published: 6 February 2016
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Abstract

Several studies have shown that figural matrices can be solved with one of two strategies: (1) Constructive matching consisting of cognitively generating an idealized response, which is then compared with the options provided by the response format; or (2) Response elimination consisting of comparing the response format with the item stem in order to eliminate incorrect responses. A recent study demonstrated that employing a response format that reduces response elimination strategies results in higher convergent validity concerning general intelligence. In this study, we used the construction task, which works entirely without distractors because the solution has to be generated in a computerized testing environment. Therefore, response elimination is completely prevented. Our results show that the convergent validity of general intelligence and working memory capacity when using a test employing the construction task is substantially higher than when using tests employing distractors that followed construction strategies used in other studies. Theoretical as well as practical implications of this finding are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: figural matrices; construct validity; distractors; construction task figural matrices; construct validity; distractors; construction task
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Becker, N.; Schmitz, F.; Falk, A.M.; Feldbrügge, J.; Recktenwald, D.R.; Wilhelm, O.; Preckel, F.; Spinath, F.M. Preventing Response Elimination Strategies Improves the Convergent Validity of Figural Matrices. J. Intell. 2016, 4, 2.

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