An Energy Landscape Treatment of Decoy Selection in Template-Free Protein Structure Prediction
AbstractThe energy landscape, which organizes microstates by energies, has shed light on many cellular processes governed by dynamic biological macromolecules leveraging their structural dynamics to regulate interactions with molecular partners. In particular, the protein energy landscape has been central to understanding the relationship between protein structure, dynamics, and function. The landscape view, however, remains underutilized in an important problem in protein modeling, decoy selection in template-free protein structure prediction. Given the amino-acid sequence of a protein, template-free methods compute thousands of structures, known as decoys, as part of an optimization process that seeks minima of an energy function. Selecting biologically-active/native structures from the computed decoys remains challenging. Research has shown that energy is an unreliable indicator of nativeness. In this paper, we advocate that, while comparison of energies is not informative for structures that already populate minima of an energy function, the landscape view exposes the overall organization of generated decoys. As we demonstrate, such organization highlights macrostates that contain native decoys. We present two different computational approaches to extracting such organization and demonstrate through the presented findings that a landscape-driven treatment is promising in furthering research on decoy selection. View Full-Text
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Akhter, N.; Qiao, W.; Shehu, A. An Energy Landscape Treatment of Decoy Selection in Template-Free Protein Structure Prediction. Computation 2018, 6, 39.
Akhter N, Qiao W, Shehu A. An Energy Landscape Treatment of Decoy Selection in Template-Free Protein Structure Prediction. Computation. 2018; 6(2):39.Chicago/Turabian Style
Akhter, Nasrin; Qiao, Wanli; Shehu, Amarda. 2018. "An Energy Landscape Treatment of Decoy Selection in Template-Free Protein Structure Prediction." Computation 6, no. 2: 39.
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