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Computation 2018, 6(2), 38; https://doi.org/10.3390/computation6020038

An Open-Source Toolbox for PEM Fuel Cell Simulation

1
International Doctoral Innovation Centre, University of Nottingham Ningbo China, 199 Taikang East Road, Ningbo 315100, China
2
Research Centre for Fluids and Thermal Engineering, University of Nottingham Ningbo China, 199 Taikang East Road; Ningbo 315100, China
3
Fluids & Thermal Engineering Research Group, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
4
Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of Nottingham Ningbo China, Ningbo 315100, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 March 2018 / Revised: 2 May 2018 / Accepted: 2 May 2018 / Published: 10 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Computational Engineering)
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Abstract

In this paper, an open-source toolbox that can be used to accurately predict the distribution of the major physical quantities that are transported within a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell is presented. The toolbox has been developed using the Open Source Field Operation and Manipulation (OpenFOAM) platform, which is an open-source computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code. The base case results for the distribution of velocity, pressure, chemical species, Nernst potential, current density, and temperature are as expected. The plotted polarization curve was compared to the results from a numerical model and experimental data taken from the literature. The conducted simulations have generated a significant amount of data and information about the transport processes that are involved in the operation of a PEM fuel cell. The key role played by the concentration constant in shaping the cell polarization curve has been explored. The development of the present toolbox is in line with the objectives outlined in the International Energy Agency (IEA, Paris, France) Advanced Fuel Cell Annex 37 that is devoted to developing open-source computational tools to facilitate fuel cell technologies. The work therefore serves as a basis for devising additional features that are not always feasible with a commercial code. View Full-Text
Keywords: computational fluid dynamics; modelling; numerical; open-source code; proton exchange membrane fuel cell; simulation computational fluid dynamics; modelling; numerical; open-source code; proton exchange membrane fuel cell; simulation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Kone, J.-P.; Zhang, X.; Yan, Y.; Adegbite, S. An Open-Source Toolbox for PEM Fuel Cell Simulation. Computation 2018, 6, 38.

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