Towards a Multiscale Model of Acute HIV Infection
AbstractHuman Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection of humans represents a complex biological system and a great challenge to public health. Novel approaches for the analysis and prediction of the infection dynamics based on a multi-scale integration of virus ontogeny and immune reactions are needed to deal with the systems’ complexity. The aim of our study is: (1) to formulate a multi-scale mathematical model of HIV infection; (2) to implement the model computationally following a hybrid approach; and (3) to calibrate the model by estimating the parameter values enabling one to reproduce the “standard” observed dynamics of HIV infection in blood during the acute phase of primary infection. The modeling approach integrates the processes of infection spread and immune responses in Lymph Nodes (LN) to that observed in blood. The spatio-temporal population dynamics of T lymphocytes in LN in response to HIV infection is governed by equations linking an intracellular regulation of the lymphocyte fate by intercellular cytokine fields. We describe the balance of proliferation, differentiation and death at a single cell level as a consequence of gene activation via multiple signaling pathways activated by IL-2, IFNa and FasL. Distinct activation thresholds are used in the model to relate different modes of cellular responses to the hierarchy of the relative levels of the cytokines. We specify a reference set of model parameter values for the fundamental processes in lymph nodes that ensures a reasonable agreement with viral load and CD4+ T cell dynamics in blood. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
Supplementary (MPG, 12378 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Bouchnita, A.; Bocharov, G.; Meyerhans, A.; Volpert, V. Towards a Multiscale Model of Acute HIV Infection. Computation 2017, 5, 6.
Bouchnita A, Bocharov G, Meyerhans A, Volpert V. Towards a Multiscale Model of Acute HIV Infection. Computation. 2017; 5(1):6.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bouchnita, Anass; Bocharov, Gennady; Meyerhans, Andreas; Volpert, Vitaly. 2017. "Towards a Multiscale Model of Acute HIV Infection." Computation 5, no. 1: 6.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.