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A Smarter Grid for Renewable Energy: Different States of Action
Humphrey School of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota, 301 19th Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
College of Science and Engineering, University of Minnesota, 200 Union Street SE, Keller Hall, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences, Texas A&M University, TAMU-2258, College Station, TX 77843, USA
Environmental Science and Policy Program, Clark University, 950 Main Street, Worcester, MA 01610, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 August 2013; in revised form: 28 October 2013 / Accepted: 31 October 2013 / Published: 15 November 2013
Abstract: Smart grid has strong potential to advance and encourage renewable energy deployment, but given the multiple motivations for smart grid, renewables are not always central in smart grid policy discussions. The term “smart grid” represents a set of technologies, including advanced meters, sensors and energy storage that are crucial for the integration of more renewable and low carbon electricity into the electric power grid. However, developing and building a smart grid is jurisdictionally complex, path dependent and context specific; states and regions are approaching grid modernization in different ways. This paper reports on a comparative analysis of smart grid development in seven U.S. states. We use state-level policy documents to learn what motivates smart grid development and how smart grid is framed in relation to renewable energy. In some states, renewable technologies are presented as an integral part of the smart grid policy discussion, while in others they are largely absent.
Keywords: electricity; smart grid; grid modernization; transition; renewable energy
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MDPI and ACS Style
Koenigs, C.; Suri, M.; Kreiter, A.; Elling, C.; Eagles, J.; Peterson, T.R.; Stephens, J.C.; Wilson, E.J. A Smarter Grid for Renewable Energy: Different States of Action. Challenges 2013, 4, 217-233.
Koenigs C, Suri M, Kreiter A, Elling C, Eagles J, Peterson TR, Stephens JC, Wilson EJ. A Smarter Grid for Renewable Energy: Different States of Action. Challenges. 2013; 4(2):217-233.
Koenigs, Clark; Suri, Mudita; Kreiter, Amelia; Elling, Caroline; Eagles, Julia; Peterson, Tarla R.; Stephens, Jennie C.; Wilson, Elizabeth J. 2013. "A Smarter Grid for Renewable Energy: Different States of Action." Challenges 4, no. 2: 217-233.