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Religions 2018, 9(4), 135; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel9040135

Transcultural Adaptation and Psychometric Properties of Portuguese Version of the Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (SpNQ) Among HIV Positive Patients in Brazil

1
Interdisciplinary Medical Anthropologic Studies and Research Laboratory, Rio de Janeiro State Federal University, 20211-040 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2
Department of Sciences of Religions, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, 58051-900 João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil
3
Professorship Quality of Life, Spirituality and Coping, Faculty of Health, Witten/Herdecke University, 58313 Herdecke, Germany
4
Complexo Hospitalar de Mangabeira Governador Tarcísio Burity, 58056-384 João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil
5
Rio de Janeiro Federal State University Medical School HIV/AIDS Outpatient Clinic, 20270-001 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 February 2018 / Revised: 3 April 2018 / Accepted: 11 April 2018 / Published: 18 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Measures of Spirituality/Religiosity (2018))
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Abstract

The Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (SpNQ), originally written in the German language, was translated and validated into 11 languages, but not Latin languages, such as Brazilian Portuguese. This study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of the SpNQ after translation and transcultural adaptation to the Portuguese language, identifying unmet spiritual needs in a sample of patients living with HIV in Brazil. This pioneering study conformed a four-factor structure of 20 items, differentiating Religious Needs (α = 0.887), Giving/Generativity Needs (α = 0.848), Inner Peace (α = 0.813) and a new item: Family Support Needs (α = 0.778). The Brazilian version of the SpNQ (SpNQ-BR) had good internal validity criteria and can be used for research of the spiritual needs for Brazilian patients. The cross-cultural adaptation and comparison with previous studies showed that the SpNQ is sensitive to the cultural characteristics of different countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychometric properties; transcultural adaptation; spiritual needs; people living with HIV psychometric properties; transcultural adaptation; spiritual needs; people living with HIV
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Valente, T.C.O.; Cavalcanti, A.P.R.; Büssing, A.; Costa Junior, C.P.; Motta, R.N. Transcultural Adaptation and Psychometric Properties of Portuguese Version of the Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (SpNQ) Among HIV Positive Patients in Brazil. Religions 2018, 9, 135.

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