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Religions 2017, 8(4), 62; doi:10.3390/rel8040062

Religious Coping as Moderator of Psychological Responses to Stressful Events: A Longitudinal Study

1
Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Santo Tomás, Concepción 4061501, Chile
2
University of the Basque Country, San Sebastian 20018, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paweł Marian Socha
Received: 1 February 2017 / Revised: 24 March 2017 / Accepted: 2 April 2017 / Published: 7 April 2017
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of positive and negative religious coping with posttraumatic symptoms (PTS) and growth (PTG). Their moderating role was also examined among predictors such as social support and the subjective severity of event with PTS and PTG. Two hundred and eleven Chilean adults (58.3% women) of 18 years and older who had been exposed to highly stressful were surveyed. The Brief-RCOPE, the Brief-COPE subscale of social support, the Subjective Severity of Event Scale, and a socio-demographic questionnaire were used as measurements at time one. The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory-short form (PTGI-SF) and Short Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Rating Interview (SPRINT-E) was used to collect baseline scores and six months after. The results show that negative religious coping predicts the increase in PTS, positive religious coping predicts the increase in PTG and plays a moderation role: at low levels of positive religious coping it was found a strong association between coping by seeking social support and PTG, while at high level the association is weak. These results are discussed in the framework of the functionality of positive and negative religious coping and its role in adjusting to potentially traumatic events. View Full-Text
Keywords: posttraumatic growth; posttraumatic symptoms; social support; subjective severity; posttraumatic stress disorder posttraumatic growth; posttraumatic symptoms; social support; subjective severity; posttraumatic stress disorder
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MDPI and ACS Style

García, F.E.; Páez, D.; Reyes-Reyes, A.; Álvarez, R. Religious Coping as Moderator of Psychological Responses to Stressful Events: A Longitudinal Study. Religions 2017, 8, 62.

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