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Religions 2017, 8(1), 13; doi:10.3390/rel8010013

The Lost Honor of Julius Deutsch: Jewish Difference, “Socialist Betrayal”, and Imperial Loyalty in the 1923 Deutsch-Reinl Trial

Austrian Labor History Society (VGA), Rechte Wienzeile 97, 1050 Vienna, Austria
Academic Editors: Malachi Hacohen and Peter Iver Kaufman
Received: 13 October 2016 / Revised: 22 December 2016 / Accepted: 27 December 2016 / Published: 18 January 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [880 KB, uploaded 18 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

In 1922, Julius Deutsch, one of the leading Viennese Social Democrats, spent a weekend in the Strudengau in Upper Austria. In a local inn, he was insulted by a right-wing alpinist, who accused him of being a traitor to the Emperor. The man claimed that Deutsch, along with other “Jewish Revolutionaries”, played a part in overturning the old order and helping to “stab” the Empire’s army “in the back”. Deutsch brought his opponent to trial, in an attempt to present his actions both in the World War and as a State Secretary for Military Affairs in the new Austrian Republic in a better light. However, the provincial courts acquitted the defendant on appeal, following the anti-Semitic arguments of his defending lawyer. Like other trials in the interwar years, the lawsuit unfolded into a “court of injustice”, with contested concepts of “Jewish difference” being performed. In the courtroom, Deutsch, who left the Jewish religious community as a young man, was forced to engage with his Jewish family background. The article focuses on Deutsch’s retrospective narration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in his courtroom speech and the insights that can be gained about Jewish difference and the antagonistic political arena of the new nation-state of (Deutsch-)Österreich. View Full-Text
Keywords: Julius Deutsch; Jewish difference; anti-Semitism; First World War; Empire; Deutsch-Österreich; German-Austria; Social Democrats; trial Julius Deutsch; Jewish difference; anti-Semitism; First World War; Empire; Deutsch-Österreich; German-Austria; Social Democrats; trial
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Spitaler, G. The Lost Honor of Julius Deutsch: Jewish Difference, “Socialist Betrayal”, and Imperial Loyalty in the 1923 Deutsch-Reinl Trial. Religions 2017, 8, 13.

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