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Religions 2017, 8(1), 12; doi:10.3390/rel8010012

Japanese Buddhism, Relativization, and Glocalization

Institute for the Study of Religion, University of Leipzig, Schillerstr. 6, 04109 Leipzig, Germany
Academic Editor: Victor Roudometof
Received: 9 October 2016 / Revised: 19 December 2016 / Accepted: 9 January 2017 / Published: 18 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Glocal Religions)
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Abstract

Within the field of study on Japanese religions, the issue of globalization tends to be associated with the missionary activities of some successful new religious movements, and there is a certain reluctance to approach analytically the dynamics of glocalization/hybridization and the power issues at stake. In this article, I address these and other related problems by taking my cue from the relativizing effects of globalization and a working definition of religion based on the concept of authority. To this aim, I focus on two case studies. The first concerns the ongoing greening of Japanese Buddhism. The second revolves around the adoption of meditational techniques by priests and lay practitioners in Hawaiian Shin Buddhism. My findings show that there are at least four factors underlying the glocalization of Japanese Buddhism, that is, global consciousness, resonance with the local tradition, decontextualization, and quest for power. Moreover, they indicate that it is possible to distinguish between two types of glocalization (glocalization and chauvinistic glocalization) and two configurations of glocalization (juxtaposition and integration). View Full-Text
Keywords: Japanese Buddhism; relativization; glocalization; globalization; ecology; meditation; religious authority; definition of religion Japanese Buddhism; relativization; glocalization; globalization; ecology; meditation; religious authority; definition of religion
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Dessì, U. Japanese Buddhism, Relativization, and Glocalization. Religions 2017, 8, 12.

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