Religions 2014, 5(1), 1-20; doi:10.3390/rel5010001
Article

Varieties of Quest and the Religious Openness Hypothesis within Religious Fundamentalist and Biblical Foundationalist Ideological Surrounds

1 Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Department #2803, 350 Holt Hall–615 McCallie Avenue, Chattanooga, TN 37403, USA 2 Department of Psychology, 1227 University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97405, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 November 2013; in revised form: 11 December 2013 / Accepted: 13 December 2013 / Published: 24 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Christian Psychology: Past, Present, and Future)
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Abstract: According to the Religious Openness Hypothesis, the religious and psychological openness of American Christians is obscured by a defensive ghettoization of thought associated with a Religious Fundamentalist Ideological Surround and can be discovered instead within a Biblical Foundationalist Ideological Surround. A test of this claim examined Religious Fundamentalism, Biblical Foundationalism, Quest, and Multidimensional Quest Scales in 432 undergraduates. Christian Religious Reflection, Religious Schema, and Religious Orientation measures clarified these two ideological surrounds. Partial correlations controlling for Biblical Foundationalism described a Religious Fundamentalist Ideological Surround that more strongly rejected Quest and that more generally displayed a failure to integrate faith with intellect. Partial correlations controlling for Religious Fundamentalism revealed a Biblical Foundationalist Ideological Surround that was more open to Quest and that offered numerous demonstrations of an ability to unite faith with intellect. These data supplemented previous investigations in demonstrating that Christianity and other traditional religions have ideological resources for promoting a faithful intellect.
Keywords: quest; Religious Openness Hypothesis; Ideological Surround Model; Religious Fundamentalism; Biblical Foundationalism

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MDPI and ACS Style

Watson, P.J.; Chen, Z.; Morris, R.J. Varieties of Quest and the Religious Openness Hypothesis within Religious Fundamentalist and Biblical Foundationalist Ideological Surrounds. Religions 2014, 5, 1-20.

AMA Style

Watson PJ, Chen Z, Morris RJ. Varieties of Quest and the Religious Openness Hypothesis within Religious Fundamentalist and Biblical Foundationalist Ideological Surrounds. Religions. 2014; 5(1):1-20.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Watson, P. J.; Chen, Zhuo; Morris, Ronald J. 2014. "Varieties of Quest and the Religious Openness Hypothesis within Religious Fundamentalist and Biblical Foundationalist Ideological Surrounds." Religions 5, no. 1: 1-20.

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