Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Spiritual Pathology: The Case of Adolf Hitler
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
New Light on a Lost Cause: Atticus G. Haygood’s Universalizing Spirituality
Religions 2012, 3(2), 369-388; doi:10.3390/rel3020369

Nelson Mandela and the Power of Ubuntu

Erich Lindemann Mental Health Center, 25 Staniford St., 2nd Floor, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Received: 27 March 2012 / Revised: 1 April 2012 / Accepted: 13 April 2012 / Published: 26 April 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spiritual Exemplars)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [470 KB, uploaded 26 April 2012]


Nelson Mandela dedicated his life to fighting for the freedom of his South African kin of all colors against the institution of apartheid. He spent twenty-seven years fighting from within prison, only gaining his freedom when his fellow South Africans could claim it as well. This article demonstrates how his faith, his spiritual development and his noble purpose can be conceptualized through the lens of Ubuntu: the African ethic of community, unity, humanity and harmony.
Keywords: Ubuntu; botho; unity; community; Afro-communitarianism; humanity; apartheid Ubuntu; botho; unity; community; Afro-communitarianism; humanity; apartheid
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
MDPI and ACS Style

Oppenheim, C.E. Nelson Mandela and the Power of Ubuntu. Religions 2012, 3, 369-388.

View more citation formats

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


Cited By

[Return to top]
Religions EISSN 2077-1444 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert Logo copyright Steve Bridenbaugh/UUA