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Religions 2012, 3(2), 357-368; doi:10.3390/rel3020357
Article

New Light on a Lost Cause: Atticus G. Haygood’s Universalizing Spirituality

Received: 12 March 2012; in revised form: 1 April 2012 / Accepted: 13 April 2012 / Published: 26 April 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spiritual Exemplars)
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Abstract: The American tragedy of slavery and the Civil War provides the backdrop for the exemplary spirituality of Atticus Haygood (1839–1896). The son of a Georgia slaveholder, Haygood served as a chaplain in the Confederate army. At the War’s end, he returned to Atlanta to suffer poverty and humiliation under the martial law of conquerors. His spirituality developed as a positive response to the chaos of Reconstruction. Following a mid-life transformation, he earned a national reputation as a progressive Southerner and crusader for the rights and education of former slaves. As a Southern Methodist clergyman, Haygood blended the ideals of evangelism and the social gospel, envisioning an America in which Northerners and Southerners, blacks and whites joined together to build the Kingdom of God. His spirituality evolved to the “universalizing” pinnacle of James Fowler’s stages of faith, a perspective from which all persons—regardless of race, status, and place of birth—participate as equals in fellowship with a just and loving deity.
Keywords: American Civil War; evangelical; reconstruction; social gospel; Southern Methodist American Civil War; evangelical; reconstruction; social gospel; Southern Methodist
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kwilecki, S. New Light on a Lost Cause: Atticus G. Haygood’s Universalizing Spirituality. Religions 2012, 3, 357-368.

AMA Style

Kwilecki S. New Light on a Lost Cause: Atticus G. Haygood’s Universalizing Spirituality. Religions. 2012; 3(2):357-368.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kwilecki, Susan. 2012. "New Light on a Lost Cause: Atticus G. Haygood’s Universalizing Spirituality." Religions 3, no. 2: 357-368.

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