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Religions 2012, 3(1), 50-81; doi:10.3390/rel3010050

Mind-Body Practices in Integrative Medicine

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Received: 3 February 2012 / Revised: 11 February 2012 / Accepted: 21 February 2012 / Published: 23 February 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Religions and Psychotherapies)
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Abstract: Mind-Body practices have become increasingly popular as components of psychotherapeutic and behavior medicine interventions. They comprise an array of different methods and techniques that use some sort of mental-behavioral training and involve the modulation of states of consciousness in order to influence bodily processes towards greater health, well-being and better functioning. Mind-body practices may thus be interpreted as the salutogenetic mirror image of psychosomatic medicine, where psychophysiological and health consequences of specific psychological states are studied, such as stress arousal, psychological trauma or depression. This contribution examines the empirical evidence of the most common mind-body techniques with regard to their salutogenetic potential. We concisely discuss some aspects of the mind-body problem, before we consider some historical aspects and achievements of psychosomatic medicine. We then turn to some prominent mind-body practices and their application, as well as the empirical database for them.
Keywords: integrative medicine; behavioral medicine; psychosomatics; mind-body problem; mind-body techniques; consciousness integrative medicine; behavioral medicine; psychosomatics; mind-body problem; mind-body techniques; consciousness
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Walach, H.; Ferrari, M.-L.; Sauer, S.; Kohls, N. Mind-Body Practices in Integrative Medicine. Religions 2012, 3, 50-81.

AMA Style

Walach H, Ferrari M-L, Sauer S, Kohls N. Mind-Body Practices in Integrative Medicine. Religions. 2012; 3(1):50-81.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Walach, Harald; Ferrari, Marie-Louise Gander; Sauer, Sebastian; Kohls, Niko. 2012. "Mind-Body Practices in Integrative Medicine." Religions 3, no. 1: 50-81.

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