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Hinduism in India and Congregational Forms: Influences of Modernization and Social Networks
Department of Sociology, Baylor University, One Bear Place #97326, Waco, TX 76798-7326, USA
Received: 30 October 2011; Accepted: 2 December 2011 / Published: 8 December 2011
Abstract: In light of increased scholarly interest in the scientific study of non-Christian religions and societies, I review sociological research on Hinduism. Specifically, I focus on Hindu congregational forms, a phenomenon noted in social scientific literature. Drawing on existing theories from the sociology of religion, this article illuminates possible social sources of Hindu congregational forms. Two preliminary sources are proposed and possible mechanisms elaborated: (1) modernization and (2) social networks. I conclude by proposing several new directions for research on Hindu congregational forms. These arguments and proposals offer directions for expanding understanding of how theories in the sociology of religion might operate beyond Christianity and the West.
Keywords: India; Hinduism; congregations; organizations; satsang; modernization; institutional differentiation; rationalization; social networks; social embeddedness
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MDPI and ACS Style
Stroope, S. Hinduism in India and Congregational Forms: Influences of Modernization and Social Networks. Religions 2011, 2, 676-692.
Stroope S. Hinduism in India and Congregational Forms: Influences of Modernization and Social Networks. Religions. 2011; 2(4):676-692.
Stroope, Samuel. 2011. "Hinduism in India and Congregational Forms: Influences of Modernization and Social Networks." Religions 2, no. 4: 676-692.