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Religions 2011, 2(4), 676-692; doi:10.3390/rel2040676
Article

Hinduism in India and Congregational Forms: Influences of Modernization and Social Networks

Received: 30 October 2011; Accepted: 2 December 2011 / Published: 8 December 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Studies in the Sociology of Religion)
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Abstract: In light of increased scholarly interest in the scientific study of non-Christian religions and societies, I review sociological research on Hinduism. Specifically, I focus on Hindu congregational forms, a phenomenon noted in social scientific literature. Drawing on existing theories from the sociology of religion, this article illuminates possible social sources of Hindu congregational forms. Two preliminary sources are proposed and possible mechanisms elaborated: (1) modernization and (2) social networks. I conclude by proposing several new directions for research on Hindu congregational forms. These arguments and proposals offer directions for expanding understanding of how theories in the sociology of religion might operate beyond Christianity and the West.
Keywords: India; Hinduism; congregations; organizations; satsang; modernization; institutional differentiation; rationalization; social networks; social embeddedness India; Hinduism; congregations; organizations; satsang; modernization; institutional differentiation; rationalization; social networks; social embeddedness
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Stroope, S. Hinduism in India and Congregational Forms: Influences of Modernization and Social Networks. Religions 2011, 2, 676-692.

AMA Style

Stroope S. Hinduism in India and Congregational Forms: Influences of Modernization and Social Networks. Religions. 2011; 2(4):676-692.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stroope, Samuel. 2011. "Hinduism in India and Congregational Forms: Influences of Modernization and Social Networks." Religions 2, no. 4: 676-692.

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