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Integrating Religion and Spirituality into Mental Health Care, Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Clinic SGM Langenthal and Research Institute for Spirituality and Health / Weissensteinstrasse 30, CH-4900 Langenthal, Switzerland
Received: 9 August 2011; in revised form: 10 October 2011 / Accepted: 17 October 2011 / Published: 2 November 2011
Abstract: Integrating spirituality into mental health care, psychiatry and psychotherapy is still controversial, albeit a growing body of evidence is showing beneficial effects and a real need for such integration. In this review, past and recent research as well as evidence from the integrative concept of a Swiss clinic is summarized. Religious coping is highly prevalent among patients with psychiatric disorders. Surveys indicate that 70–80% use religious or spiritual beliefs and activities to cope with daily difficulties and frustrations. Religion may help patients to enhance emotional adjustment and to maintain hope, purpose and meaning. Patients emphasize that serving a purpose beyond one’s self can make it possible to live with what might otherwise be unbearable. Programs successfully incorporating spirituality into clinical practice are described and discussed. Studies indicate that the outcome of psychotherapy in religious patients can be enhanced by integrating religious elements into the therapy protocol and that this can be successfully done by religious and non-religious therapists alike.
Keywords: mental health care; religious/spiritual coping; religious psychotherapy
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MDPI and ACS Style
Hefti, R. Integrating Religion and Spirituality into Mental Health Care, Psychiatry and Psychotherapy. Religions 2011, 2, 611-627.
Hefti R. Integrating Religion and Spirituality into Mental Health Care, Psychiatry and Psychotherapy. Religions. 2011; 2(4):611-627.
Hefti, René. 2011. "Integrating Religion and Spirituality into Mental Health Care, Psychiatry and Psychotherapy." Religions 2, no. 4: 611-627.