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The Brief RCOPE: Current Psychometric Status of a Short Measure of Religious Coping
Department of Psychology, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio 43403, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 December 2010; in revised form: 3 February 2011 / Accepted: 11 February 2011 / Published: 22 February 2011
Abstract: The Brief RCOPE is a 14-item measure of religious coping with major life stressors. As the most commonly used measure of religious coping in the literature, it has helped contribute to the growth of knowledge about the roles religion serves in the process of dealing with crisis, trauma, and transition. This paper reports on the development of the Brief RCOPE and its psychometric status. The scale developed out of Pargament’s (1997) program of theory and research on religious coping. The items themselves were generated through interviews with people experiencing major life stressors. Two overarching forms of religious coping, positive and negative, were articulated through factor analysis of the full RCOPE. Positive religious coping methods reflect a secure relationship with a transcendent force, a sense of spiritual connectedness with others, and a benevolent world view. Negative religious coping methods reflect underlying spiritual tensions and struggles within oneself, with others, and with the divine. Empirical studies document the internal consistency of the positive and negative subscales of the Brief RCOPE. Moreover, empirical studies provide support for the construct validity, predictive validity, and incremental validity of the subscales. The Negative Religious Coping subscale, in particular, has emerged as a robust predictor of health-related outcomes. Initial evidence suggests that the Brief RCOPE may be useful as an evaluative tool that is sensitive to the effects of psychological interventions. In short, the Brief RCOPE has demonstrated its utility as an instrument for research and practice in the psychology of religion and spirituality.
Keywords: religious coping; spiritual coping; religious struggle; RCOPE; brief RCOPE
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Pargament, K.; Feuille, M.; Burdzy, D. The Brief RCOPE: Current Psychometric Status of a Short Measure of Religious Coping. Religions 2011, 2, 51-76.
Pargament K, Feuille M, Burdzy D. The Brief RCOPE: Current Psychometric Status of a Short Measure of Religious Coping. Religions. 2011; 2(1):51-76.
Pargament, Kenneth; Feuille, Margaret; Burdzy, Donna. 2011. "The Brief RCOPE: Current Psychometric Status of a Short Measure of Religious Coping." Religions 2, no. 1: 51-76.