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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6(3), 88; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse6030088

Numerical Simulation of a Sandy Seabed Response to Water Surface Waves Propagating on Current

State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
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Received: 25 June 2018 / Revised: 16 July 2018 / Accepted: 17 July 2018 / Published: 20 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coastal Geohazard and Offshore Geotechnics)
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Abstract

An integrated numerical model is developed to study wave and current-induced seabed response and liquefaction in a flat seabed. The velocity-inlet wave-generating method is adopted in the present study and the finite difference method is employed to solve the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations with k-ε turbulence closure. The model validation demonstrates the capacity of the present model. The parametrical study reveals that the increase of current velocity tends to elongate the wave trough and alleviate the corresponding suction force on the seabed, leading to a decrease in liquefaction depth, while the width of the liquefaction area is enlarged simultaneously. This goes against previous studies, which ignored fluid viscosity, turbulence and bed friction. View Full-Text
Keywords: wave-current-seabed interaction; RANS equations; k-ε model; current velocity; seabed liquefaction wave-current-seabed interaction; RANS equations; k-ε model; current velocity; seabed liquefaction
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Tong, D.; Liao, C.; Chen, J.; Zhang, Q. Numerical Simulation of a Sandy Seabed Response to Water Surface Waves Propagating on Current. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6, 88.

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