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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6(3), 77; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse6030077

A Novel Iterative Water Refraction Correction Algorithm for Use in Structure from Motion Photogrammetric Pipeline

Photogrammetric Vision Laboratory, Department of Civil Engineering and Geomatics, Cyprus University of Technology, 30 Archbishop Kyprianou Str., Limassol 3036, Cyprus
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Received: 10 May 2018 / Revised: 15 June 2018 / Accepted: 25 June 2018 / Published: 2 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Underwater Imaging)

Abstract

Photogrammetry using structure from motion (SfM) techniques has evolved into a powerful tool for a variety of applications. Nevertheless, limits are imposed when two-media photogrammetry is needed, in cases such as submerged archaeological site documentation. Water refraction poses a clear limit on photogrammetric applications, especially when traditional methods and standardized pipelines are followed. This work tries to estimate the error introduced to depth measurements when no refraction correction model is used and proposes an easy to implement methodology in a modern photogrammetric workflow dominated by SfM and multi-view stereo (MVS) techniques. To be easily implemented within current software and workflow, this refraction correction approach is applied at the photo level. Results over two test sites in Cyprus against reference data suggest that despite the assumptions and approximations made the proposed algorithm can reduce the effect of refraction to two times the ground pixel size, regardless of the depth. View Full-Text
Keywords: two-media photogrammetry; bathymetry; refraction correction; Structure-from-Motion; multi-view stereo; LiDAR two-media photogrammetry; bathymetry; refraction correction; Structure-from-Motion; multi-view stereo; LiDAR
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Skarlatos, D.; Agrafiotis, P. A Novel Iterative Water Refraction Correction Algorithm for Use in Structure from Motion Photogrammetric Pipeline. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6, 77.

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