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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6(2), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse6020032

Basic Heat Exchanger Performance Evaluation Method on OTEC

1
Institute of Ocean Energy, Saga University, 1 Honjo-machi, Saga 840-8502, Japan
2
Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saga University, 1 Honjo-machi, Saga 840-8502, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 January 2018 / Revised: 15 February 2018 / Accepted: 11 March 2018 / Published: 3 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion)
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Abstract

Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) harvests the power from the thermal energy in the ocean, which is reserved in the ocean as the temperature difference between warm surface and cold deep seawaters. In the energy conversion, the heat exchangers transfer the thermal energy to the heat engine, which converts it into power. The pressure drops yielded by piping, valve and heat exchangers cause pump loads, which show significant negative power with respect to net power in OTEC. The heat transfer performance and the pressure drop in heat exchanger depend on the types and shapes of each heat transfer area. Generally, heat exchangers with higher friction factors yield higher heat transfer performance and vice versa. However, heat transfer performance and pressure drop are separately evaluated and there is no comprehensive performance evaluation index for OTEC power take-off. Therefore, this research proposes a new simplified overall performance evaluation method for heat exchangers, which can be comprehensively and easily applied and takes into consideration the heat transfer performance and the pressure drop. The evaluation results on plate-type heat exchangers show that the overall performance in each heat exchanger are elucidated and are quantitatively compared. View Full-Text
Keywords: ocean thermal energy; OTEC; heat exchanger performance; maximum power output; back work ratio; finite-time thermodynamics ocean thermal energy; OTEC; heat exchanger performance; maximum power output; back work ratio; finite-time thermodynamics
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Yasunaga, T.; Noguchi, T.; Morisaki, T.; Ikegami, Y. Basic Heat Exchanger Performance Evaluation Method on OTEC. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6, 32.

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