Metal Bioaccumulation by Estuarine Food Webs in New England, USA
AbstractEvaluating the degree of metal exposure and bioaccumulation in estuarine organisms is important for understanding the fate of metals in estuarine food webs. We investigated the bioaccumulation of Hg, methylmercury (MeHg), Cd, Se, Pb, and As in common intertidal organisms across a watershed urbanization gradient of coastal marsh sites in New England to relate metal exposure and bioaccumulation in fauna to both chemical and ecological factors. In sediments, we measured metal and metalloid concentrations, total organic carbon (TOC) and SEM-AVS (Simultaneously extracted metal-acid volatile sulfides). In five different functional feeding groups of biota, we measured metal concentrations and delta 15N and delta 13C signatures. Concentrations of Hg and Se in biota for all sites were always greater than sediment concentrations whereas Pb in biota was always lower. There were positive relationships between biota Hg concentrations and sediment concentrations, and between biota MeHg concentrations and both pelagic feeding mode and trophic level. Bioavailability of all metals measured as SEM-AVS or Benthic-Sediment Accumulation Factor was lower in more contaminated sites, likely due to biogeochemical factors related to higher levels of sulfides and organic carbon in the sediments. Our study demonstrates that for most metals and metalloids, bioaccumulation is metal specific and not directly related to sediment concentrations or measures of bioavailability such as AVS-SEM. View Full-Text
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Chen, C.Y.; Ward, D.M.; Williams, J.J.; Fisher, N.S. Metal Bioaccumulation by Estuarine Food Webs in New England, USA. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2016, 4, 41.
Chen CY, Ward DM, Williams JJ, Fisher NS. Metal Bioaccumulation by Estuarine Food Webs in New England, USA. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2016; 4(2):41.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chen, Celia Y.; Ward, Darren M.; Williams, Jason J.; Fisher, Nicholas S. 2016. "Metal Bioaccumulation by Estuarine Food Webs in New England, USA." J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 4, no. 2: 41.