Next Article in Journal
Factors Affecting Collective Actions in Farmer-Managed Irrigation Systems of Nepal
Next Article in Special Issue
Chitinases—Potential Candidates for Enhanced Plant Resistance towards Fungal Pathogens
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Advances in Integrating Genomics and Bioinformatics in the Plant Breeding Pipeline
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Agriculture 2018, 8(6), 76; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture8060076

Genetic Engineering of Energy Crops to Reduce Recalcitrance and Enhance Biomass Digestibility

1
Centre for Energy and Environment, Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, Rajasthan 302017, India
2
Department of Plant Breeding, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 101, 230 53 Alnarp, Sweden
3
Department of Microbiology, School of Life Sciences, Central University of Rajasthan Bandarsindri, Kishangarh, Ajmer, Rajasthan 305801, India
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 April 2018 / Revised: 25 May 2018 / Accepted: 31 May 2018 / Published: 2 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Breeding in Agriculture)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2269 KB, uploaded 2 June 2018]   |  

Abstract

Bioenergy, biofuels, and a range of valuable chemicals may be extracted from the abundantly available lignocellulosic biomass. To reduce the recalcitrance imposed by the complex cell wall structure, genetic engineering has been proposed over the years as a suitable solution to modify the genes, thereby, controlling the overall phenotypic expression. The present review provides a brief description of the plant cell wall structure and its compositional array i.e., lignin, cellulose, hemicellulose, wall proteins, and pectin, along with their effect on biomass digestibility. Also, this review discusses the potential to increase biomass by gene modification. Furthermore, the review highlights the potential genes associated with the regulation of cell wall structure, which can be targeted for achieving energy crops with desired phenotypes. These genetic approaches provide a robust and assured method to bring about the desired modifications in cell wall structure, composition, and characteristics. Ultimately, these genetic modifications pave the way for achieving enhanced biomass yield and enzymatic digestibility of energy crops, which is crucial for maximizing the outcomes of energy crop breeding and biorefinery applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: genetic engineering; biomass; biofuel; digestibility; enzymatic saccharification genetic engineering; biomass; biofuel; digestibility; enzymatic saccharification
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Yadav, M.; Paritosh, K.; Chawade, A.; Pareek, N.; Vivekanand, V. Genetic Engineering of Energy Crops to Reduce Recalcitrance and Enhance Biomass Digestibility. Agriculture 2018, 8, 76.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Agriculture EISSN 2077-0472 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top