Enhanced Dispersion and Removal of Ammonia Emitted from a Poultry House with a Vegetative Environmental Buffer
AbstractVegetative environmental buffers (VEBs), which are composed of tolerant trees, shrubs, and tall grasses, can be used to control and reduce the transport of ammonia (NH3) emissions from animal feeding operations (AFOs). However, the effectiveness of VEBs has not been quantitated. In this study, we measure the dispersion and removal of NH3 in simulated emissions from a small broiler house that was equipped with a VEB. The dispersion enhancement due to the VEB was estimated by comparing the measured downwind concentration of the co-released tracer gas, methane (CH4), to the theoretical CH4 concentrations at the same distance downwind without the VEB. The accuracy of the theoretical downwind concentrations calculated using the forward Lagrangian stochastic (fLS) technique was 95%, which was validated by comparing the measured and calculated CH4 concentrations in a separate experiment without the VEB. The VEB enhanced the dispersion of CH4 and reduced the downwind concentration to 63% of the theoretical concentration. In addition to dispersion, the VEB removed another 22% of the NH3, resulting in a net 51% decrease of the theoretical downwind concentration. These results clearly demonstrated that the VEB was effective both in dispersing and removing NH3 emitted from the broiler house. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Ro, K.S.; Li, H.; Hapeman, C.J.; Harper, L.A.; Flesch, T.K.; Downey, P.M.; McConnell, L.L.; Torrents, A.; Yao, Q. Enhanced Dispersion and Removal of Ammonia Emitted from a Poultry House with a Vegetative Environmental Buffer. Agriculture 2018, 8, 46.
Ro KS, Li H, Hapeman CJ, Harper LA, Flesch TK, Downey PM, McConnell LL, Torrents A, Yao Q. Enhanced Dispersion and Removal of Ammonia Emitted from a Poultry House with a Vegetative Environmental Buffer. Agriculture. 2018; 8(4):46.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ro, Kyoung S.; Li, Hong; Hapeman, Cathleen J.; Harper, Lowry A.; Flesch, Thomas K.; Downey, Peter M.; McConnell, Laura L.; Torrents, Alba; Yao, Qi. 2018. "Enhanced Dispersion and Removal of Ammonia Emitted from a Poultry House with a Vegetative Environmental Buffer." Agriculture 8, no. 4: 46.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.