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Agriculture 2017, 7(9), 73; doi:10.3390/agriculture7090073

Optimal Cultivation Pattern to Increase Revenue and Reduce Water Use: Application of Linear Programming to Arjan Plain in Fars Province

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH 44115, USA
2
Daneshkar Ahwaz Company, Tehran 1987984354, Iran
3
Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
4
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH 44115, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 June 2017 / Revised: 30 August 2017 / Accepted: 31 August 2017 / Published: 5 September 2017
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Abstract

Because the available water resources of the Arjan plain region in Iran do not fully meet the watering requirements for plants in farmlands, the crops suffer from water stress, a situation that causes them to wilt. The aim of this study is to develop a water resources planning model that helps decision-makers determine an appropriate cultivation pattern, optimize the exploitation from surface water resources, and specify the method of allocating water across different farm crops to minimize the detrimental effects of water shortage. Through investigating various models of water resources planning and properties along with the governing conditions for each of these models, the linear programming model was selected as a suitable option due to its simplicity and practical applicability to water resource allocation planning. The model was run for a five-year period by considering gradual variations through the determination of the most appropriate exploitation pattern from the available water resources (surface and groundwater). Results reveal that the negative water balance can be improved gradually as positive, where it will reach +20 million m3 per year in 2040 from the current deficit of 236 million m3 with an 8% increased net profit. View Full-Text
Keywords: optimization; water resources; cultivation pattern; groundwater optimization; water resources; cultivation pattern; groundwater
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Daghighi, A.; Nahvi, A.; Kim, U. Optimal Cultivation Pattern to Increase Revenue and Reduce Water Use: Application of Linear Programming to Arjan Plain in Fars Province. Agriculture 2017, 7, 73.

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