Next Article in Journal
Validation of the Ability of a 3D Pedometer to Accurately Determine the Number of Steps Taken by Dairy Cows When Housed in Tie-Stalls
Next Article in Special Issue
Toward Improved Adoption of Best Management Practices (BMPs) in the Lake Erie Basin: Perspectives from Resilience and Agricultural Innovation Literature
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Sowing Method and Weed Control on the Performance of Maize (Zea mays L.) Intercropped with Climbing Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Modelling Nutrient Load Changes from Fertilizer Application Scenarios in Six Catchments around the Baltic Sea
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Agriculture 2017, 7(7), 52; doi:10.3390/agriculture7070052

Impact of Potentially Contaminated River Water on Agricultural Irrigated Soils in an Equatorial Climate

1
Instituto de Ciencias Ambientales de la Orinoquia Colombiana ICAOC, Facultad de Ciencias Básicas e Ingeniería, Universidad de los Llanos, Campus Barcelona Villavicencio, 500001 Villavicencio, Colombia
2
Department of Natural Sciences, Dickinson State University, Dickinson, ND 58601, USA
3
Soil Physics and Land Management Group, Wageningen University, Droevendaalsesteeg 4, 6708PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
4
Department of Geology and Geochemistry, Universidad Autónoma, 28049 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Rabin Bhattarai and Paul Davidson
Received: 6 April 2017 / Revised: 10 June 2017 / Accepted: 21 June 2017 / Published: 24 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Quality for Agriculture)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1587 KB, uploaded 24 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

Globally, it is estimated that 20 million hectares of arable land are irrigated with water that contains residual contributions from domestic liquids. This potentially poses risks to public health and ecosystems, especially due to heavy metals, which are considered dangerous because of their potential toxicity and persistence in the environment. The Villavicencio region (Colombia) is an equatorial area where rainfall (near 3000 mm/year) and temperature (average 25.6 °C) are high. Soil processes in tropical conditions are fast and react quickly to changing conditions. Soil properties from agricultural fields irrigated with river water polluted by a variety of sources were analysed and compared to non-irrigated control soils. In this study, no physico-chemical alterations were found that gave evidence of a change due to the constant use of river water that contained wastes. This fact may be associated with the climatic factors (temperature and precipitation), which contribute to fast degradation of organic matter and nutrient and contaminants (such as heavy metals) leaching, or to dilution of wastes by the river. View Full-Text
Keywords: trace elements; equatorial area; agricultural land use; wastewater irrigation trace elements; equatorial area; agricultural land use; wastewater irrigation
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Trujillo-González, J.M.; Mahecha-Pulido, J.D.; Torres-Mora, M.A.; Brevik, E.C.; Keesstra, S.D.; Jiménez-Ballesta, R. Impact of Potentially Contaminated River Water on Agricultural Irrigated Soils in an Equatorial Climate. Agriculture 2017, 7, 52.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Agriculture EISSN 2077-0472 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top