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Agriculture 2016, 6(2), 13; doi:10.3390/agriculture6020013

A Comparative Analysis of Productivity among Organic and Non-Organic farms in the West Mamprusi District of Ghana

1
Department of Agribusiness Management and Finance, Faculty of Agribusiness and Communication Sciences, University for Development Studies, Tamale, TL 1350 NR, Ghana
2
Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, University for Development Studies, Tamale, TL 1350 NR, Ghana
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Robert Gallagher and Les Copeland
Received: 25 August 2015 / Accepted: 22 January 2016 / Published: 30 March 2016
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Abstract

The study was conducted in organic and conventional crop farms in the West Mamprusi District of the Northern Region of Ghana. The key issue the study sought to determine was whether there are productivity differences among organic and conventional crop farms and what factors account for these differences. The results indeed revealed that there are productivity differences among organic and conventional crop farms. However, both had negative total factor productivity growth, largely accounted for by a negative technical change over the period considered. The technical efficiency change, however, was positive for both but much higher for organic farms than conventional farms. More importantly, the study revealed that the type of agriculture practiced by farmers is not the most critical problem confronting farmers as indicated by the negative total productivity growth for both. Major constraints confronting farmers that need to be addressed include better organization on the farmers’ front, improved access to extension and improved access to farm inputs. These challenges notwithstanding, the study revealed that organic agriculture has the potential, in the long run, to achieve much more progress in total factor productivity, compared to conventional agriculture, if the right conditions exist for its uptake and optimal application. View Full-Text
Keywords: organic; conventional; productivity; agriculture; efficiency; technical change organic; conventional; productivity; agriculture; efficiency; technical change
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Issaka, Y.B.; Antwi, M.; Tawia, G. A Comparative Analysis of Productivity among Organic and Non-Organic farms in the West Mamprusi District of Ghana. Agriculture 2016, 6, 13.

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