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Agriculture 2015, 5(4), 1060-1075; doi:10.3390/agriculture5041060

Effects of Biochar Blends on Microbial Community Composition in Two Coastal Plain Soils

1
Coastal Plains Soil, Water, and Plant Research Center, Agricultural Research Service-USDA, 2611 West Lucas Street, Florence, SC 29501, USA
2
Western Ecology Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, US Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR 97333, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Bin Gao
Received: 31 July 2015 / Revised: 23 October 2015 / Accepted: 26 October 2015 / Published: 3 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Biochar on Soil Fertility and Crop Production)
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Abstract

The amendment of soil with biochar has been demonstrated to have an effect not only on the soil physicochemical properties, but also on soil microbial community composition and activity. Previous reports have demonstrated significant impacts on soil microbial community structure. These impacts are modulated not only by the biochar composition, but also on the soil’s physicochemical characteristics. This indicates that soil characteristics must be considered prior to biochar amendment. A significant portion of the soils of the southeastern coastal plain are severely degraded and, therefore, candidates for biochar amendment to strengthen soil fertility. In this study we focused on two common soil series in the southeastern coastal plain, utilizing feedstocks endemic to the area. We chose feedstocks in four ratios (100% pine chip; 80:20 mixture of pine chip to poultry litter; 50:50 mixture of pine chip to poultry litter; 100% poultry litter) prior to pyrolysis and soil amendment as a biochar product. Soil was analyzed for bioavailable nutrients via Mehlich-1 extractions, as well as microbial community composition using phospholipid fatty acid analysis (PLFA). Our results demonstrated significant shifts in microbial community composition in response to biochar amendment, the effects of which were greatest with 100% poultry litter biochar. Strong relationships between PLFAs and several Mehlich-1 extractable nutrients (Al, Cu, Fe, and P) were observed. View Full-Text
Keywords: biochar; soil microbiology; southeastern United States biochar; soil microbiology; southeastern United States
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ducey, T.F.; Novak, J.M.; Johnson, M.G. Effects of Biochar Blends on Microbial Community Composition in Two Coastal Plain Soils. Agriculture 2015, 5, 1060-1075.

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