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Agriculture 2015, 5(3), 598-625; doi:10.3390/agriculture5030598

Ecophysiology of C4 Forage Grasses—Understanding Plant Growth for Optimising Their Use and Management

1
Animal Science Department, University of São Paulo, E.S.A. "Luiz de Queiroz", Av. Pádua Dias, 11, CEP 13418-900, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
2
Centro de Ciências Agroveterinárias, Santa Catarina State University, Avenida Camões, 2090, CEP 88520-000, Lages, SC, Brazil
3
Animal Science Department, University of São Paulo, Faculdade de Engenharia de Alimentos e Zootecnia, Av. Duque de Caxias Norte, 225, CEP 13635-900 Pirassununga, SP, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cory Matthew
Received: 29 May 2015 / Revised: 20 July 2015 / Accepted: 21 July 2015 / Published: 29 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forage Plant Ecophysiology)
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Abstract

Grazing management has been the focus of the research with forage plants in Brazil for many years. Only in the last two decades, however, significant changes and advances have occurred regarding the understanding of the key factors and processes that determine adequate use of tropical forage plants in pastures. The objective of this review is to provide an historical overview of the research with forage plants and grasslands in Brazil, highlighting advances, trends, and results, as well as to describe the current state of the art and identify future perspectives and challenges. The information is presented in a systematic manner, favoring an integrated view of the different trends and research philosophies. A critical appraisal is given of the need for revision and change of paradigms as a means of improving and consolidating the knowledge on animal production from pastures. Such analysis idealizes efficient, sound and sustainable grazing management practices necessary to realize the existing potential for animal production in the tropics. View Full-Text
Keywords: tropical pastures; ecophysiology; morphogenesis; grazing management tropical pastures; ecophysiology; morphogenesis; grazing management
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

da Silva, S.C.; Sbrissia, A.F.; Pereira, L.E.T. Ecophysiology of C4 Forage Grasses—Understanding Plant Growth for Optimising Their Use and Management. Agriculture 2015, 5, 598-625.

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