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Agriculture 2015, 5(3), 367-388; doi:10.3390/agriculture5030367

Development of Bioelectrochemical Systems to Promote Sustainable Agriculture

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
2
Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, Qatar University, P.O. Box 2713, Doha, Qatar
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stephen J. Herbert
Received: 6 May 2015 / Revised: 11 June 2015 / Accepted: 16 June 2015 / Published: 24 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Agriculture)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2566 KB, uploaded 24 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

Bioelectrochemical systems (BES) are a newly emerged technology for energy-efficient water and wastewater treatment. Much effort as well as significant progress has been made in advancing this technology towards practical applications treating various types of waste. However, BES application for agriculture has not been well explored. Herein, studies of BES related to agriculture are reviewed and the potential applications of BES for promoting sustainable agriculture are discussed. BES may be applied to treat the waste/wastewater from agricultural production, minimizing contaminants, producing bioenergy, and recovering useful nutrients. BES can also be used to supply irrigation water via desalinating brackish water or producing reclaimed water from wastewater. The energy generated in BES can be used as a power source for wireless sensors monitoring the key parameters for agricultural activities. The importance of BES to sustainable agriculture should be recognized, and future development of this technology should identify proper application niches with technological advancement. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioelectrochemical systems; microbial fuel cells; microbial desalination cells; anaerobic digestion; membrane filtration; wastewater reclamation and reuse; wireless sensors bioelectrochemical systems; microbial fuel cells; microbial desalination cells; anaerobic digestion; membrane filtration; wastewater reclamation and reuse; wireless sensors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Li, X.; Abu-Reesh, I.M.; He, Z. Development of Bioelectrochemical Systems to Promote Sustainable Agriculture. Agriculture 2015, 5, 367-388.

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