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Agriculture 2012, 2(4), 452-471; doi:10.3390/agriculture2040452
Review

Structural Features and Healthy Properties of Polysaccharides Occurring in Mushrooms

* ,
 and
Centre for the Food Quality, National Institute for Agriculture and Food Research and Technology (INIA), Campus Universitario Duques de Soria, c/José Tudela s/n, 42004, Soria, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 October 2012 / Revised: 12 November 2012 / Accepted: 10 December 2012 / Published: 18 December 2012
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Abstract

Polysaccharides from mushrooms have attracted a great deal of attention due to the many healthy benefits they have demonstrated, such as immunomodulation, anticancer activity, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases, antiviral and antimicrobial effects, among others. Isolation and purification of polysaccharides commonly involve several steps, and different techniques are actually available in order to increase extraction yield and purity. Studies have demonstrated that the molecular structure and arrangement significantly influence the biological activity; therefore, there is a wide range of analytical techniques for the elucidation of chemical structures. Different polysaccharides have been isolated from mushrooms, most of them consisting of β-linked glucans, such as lentinan from Lentinus edodes, pleuran from Pleurotus species, schizophyllan from Schizophyllum commune, calocyban from Calocybe indica, or ganoderan and ganopoly from Ganoderma lucidum. This article reviews the main methods of polysaccharide isolation and structural characterization, as well as some of the most important polysaccharides isolated from mushrooms and the healthy benefits they provide.
Keywords: polysaccharides; carbohydrates; mushroom; fungus; biological response modifier polysaccharides; carbohydrates; mushroom; fungus; biological response modifier
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Villares, A.; Mateo-Vivaracho, L.; Guillamón, E. Structural Features and Healthy Properties of Polysaccharides Occurring in Mushrooms. Agriculture 2012, 2, 452-471.

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