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J. Clin. Med. 2014, 3(3), 897-912; doi:10.3390/jcm3030897

Consequences of Abdominal Adiposity within the Metabolic Syndrome Paradigm in Black People of African Ancestry

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, 541 McCampbell Hall, 1581 Dodd Drive, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Received: 1 April 2014 / Revised: 28 May 2014 / Accepted: 29 May 2014 / Published: 13 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Obesity, Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [688 KB, uploaded 13 August 2014]

Abstract

The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a constellation of risk factors that are associated with increased risks for coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Although the cause is unknown, abdominal adiposity is considered the underpinning of these metabolic alterations. Hence, increased abdominal adiposity contributes to dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, beta cell dysfunction, insulin resistance, hypertension and inflammation. The role of abdominal adiposity in the causation of metabolic alterations that lead to the clinical expression of the MetS has become a focus of active research. In addition, there are ethnic/racial differences in the manifestation of the MetS. Therefore, the focus of this current review is to: (1) explore the consequences of abdominal obesity within the MetS paradigm; and (2) discuss the impact of ethnicity/race on MetS in Black People of African Ancestry (PAA). View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; abdominal adiposity; metabolic syndrome obesity; abdominal adiposity; metabolic syndrome
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Gaillard, T. Consequences of Abdominal Adiposity within the Metabolic Syndrome Paradigm in Black People of African Ancestry. J. Clin. Med. 2014, 3, 897-912.

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