Revealing the Effects of Nanoscale Membrane Curvature on Lipid Mobility
AbstractRecent advances in nanoengineering and super-resolution microscopy have enabled new capabilities for creating and observing membrane curvature. However, the effects of curvature on single-lipid diffusion have yet to be revealed. The simulations presented here describe the capabilities of varying experimental methods for revealing the effects of nanoscale curvature on single-molecule mobility. Traditionally, lipid mobility is revealed through fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP), fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS), and single particle tracking (SPT). However, these techniques vary greatly in their ability to detect the effects of nanoscale curvature on lipid behavior. Traditionally, FRAP and FCS depend on diffraction-limited illumination and detection. A simulation of FRAP shows minimal effects on lipids diffusion due to a 50 nm radius membrane bud. Throughout the stages of the budding process, FRAP detected minimal changes in lipid recovery time due to the curvature versus flat membrane. Simulated FCS demonstrated small effects due to a 50 nm radius membrane bud that was more apparent with curvature-dependent lipid mobility changes. However, SPT achieves a sub-diffraction-limited resolution of membrane budding and lipid mobility through the identification of the single-lipid positions with ≤15 nm spatial and ≤20 ms temporal resolution. By mapping the single-lipid step lengths to locations on the membrane, the effects of membrane topography and curvature could be correlated to the effective membrane viscosity. Single-fluorophore localization techniques, such SPT, can detect membrane curvature and its effects on lipid behavior. These simulations and discussion provide a guideline for optimizing the experimental procedures in revealing the effects of curvature on lipid mobility and effective local membrane viscosity. View Full-Text
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Kabbani, A.M.; Woodward, X.; Kelly, C.V. Revealing the Effects of Nanoscale Membrane Curvature on Lipid Mobility. Membranes 2017, 7, 60.
Kabbani AM, Woodward X, Kelly CV. Revealing the Effects of Nanoscale Membrane Curvature on Lipid Mobility. Membranes. 2017; 7(4):60.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kabbani, Abir Maarouf; Woodward, Xinxin; Kelly, Christopher V. 2017. "Revealing the Effects of Nanoscale Membrane Curvature on Lipid Mobility." Membranes 7, no. 4: 60.