Membranes 2014, 4(3), 414-423; doi:10.3390/membranes4030414
Article

On The Relationship between Suspended Solids of Different Size, the Observed Boundary Flux and Rejection Values for Membranes Treating a Civil Wastewater Stream

1,* email, 2email and 1email
Received: 11 March 2014; in revised form: 3 June 2014 / Accepted: 21 July 2014 / Published: 4 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membrane Hybrid Processes)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Membrane fouling is one of the main issues in membrane processes, leading to a progressive decrease of permeability. High fouling rates strongly reduce the productivity of the membrane plant, and negatively affect the surviving rate of the membrane modules, especially when real wastewater is treated. On the other hand, since selectivity must meet certain target requirements, fouling may lead to unexpected selectivity improvements due to the formation of an additional superficial layer formed of foulants and that act like a selective secondary membrane layer. In this case, a certain amount of fouling may be profitable to the point where selectivity targets were reached and productivity is not significantly affected. In this work, the secondary clarifier of a step sludge recirculation bioreactor treating municipal wastewater was replaced by a membrane unit, aiming at recovering return sludge and producing purified water. Fouling issues of such a system were checked by boundary flux measurements. A simple model for the description of the observed productivity and selectivity values as a function of membrane fouling is proposed.
Keywords: membrane fouling; membrane selectivity; boundary flux; wastewater treatment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stoller, M.; Pulido, J.M.O.; Palma, L.D. On The Relationship between Suspended Solids of Different Size, the Observed Boundary Flux and Rejection Values for Membranes Treating a Civil Wastewater Stream. Membranes 2014, 4, 414-423.

AMA Style

Stoller M, Pulido JMO, Palma LD. On The Relationship between Suspended Solids of Different Size, the Observed Boundary Flux and Rejection Values for Membranes Treating a Civil Wastewater Stream. Membranes. 2014; 4(3):414-423.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stoller, Marco; Pulido, Javier M.O.; Palma, Luca D. 2014. "On The Relationship between Suspended Solids of Different Size, the Observed Boundary Flux and Rejection Values for Membranes Treating a Civil Wastewater Stream." Membranes 4, no. 3: 414-423.

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