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Antioxidants 2015, 4(4), 719-736; doi:10.3390/antiox4040719

The Mediterranean Lifestyle as a Non-Pharmacological and Natural Antioxidant for Healthy Aging

Fondazione CNR-Regione Toscana G. Monasterio and Institute of Clinical Physiology-CNR, Pisa 56124, Italy
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Academic Editor: Adam Salmon
Received: 8 October 2015 / Revised: 3 November 2015 / Accepted: 4 November 2015 / Published: 12 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oxidative Stress and Aging: Past, Present and Future Concepts)
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Abstract

Oxidative stress has been suggested to affect age-associated physiological dysfunction. Therefore, it is speculated that antioxidant supplements could have a potential role in preventing age-related diseases and death. Among different dietary habits, the highly antioxidant Mediterranean dietary pattern, which includes high vegetable and fruit intake, consumption of legumes, cereals, and fish, low intake of meat and dairy derivatives, moderate red wine consumption, and use of extra-virgin olive oil, is characterized by other aspects than food, such as conviviality, sensory stimulation, socialization, biodiversity, and seasonality that can reinforce the Mediterranean diet’s (MeD) beneficial effects on wellbeing, quality of life, and healthy aging. The present review aims to discuss available data on the relationship between oxidative stress and aging, biomarkers of oxidative stress status, protective effects of the MeD, and the adoption of the Mediterranean lifestyle as a non-pharmacological and natural tool to cope with oxidative stress damage for a longer life span, and—even more important—healthy aging beyond the biological, psychological, and social challenges that old age entails. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mediterranean diet; oxidative stress; antioxidants; aging; chronic degenerative diseases Mediterranean diet; oxidative stress; antioxidants; aging; chronic degenerative diseases
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chatzianagnostou, K.; Del Turco, S.; Pingitore, A.; Sabatino, L.; Vassalle, C. The Mediterranean Lifestyle as a Non-Pharmacological and Natural Antioxidant for Healthy Aging. Antioxidants 2015, 4, 719-736.

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