A Combinatorial Protein Microarray for Probing Materials Interaction with Pancreatic Islet Cell Populations
AbstractPancreatic islet transplantation has become a recognized therapy for insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. During isolation from pancreatic tissue, the islet microenvironment is disrupted. The extracellular matrix (ECM) within this space not only provides structural support, but also actively signals to regulate islet survival and function. In addition, the ECM is responsible for growth factor presentation and sequestration. By designing biomaterials that recapture elements of the native islet environment, losses in islet function and number can potentially be reduced. Cell microarrays are a high throughput screening tool able to recreate a multitude of cellular niches on a single chip. Here, we present a screening methodology for identifying components that might promote islet survival. Automated fluorescence microscopy is used to rapidly identify islet derived cell interaction with ECM proteins and immobilized growth factors printed on arrays. MIN6 mouse insulinoma cells, mouse islets and, finally, human islets are progressively screened. We demonstrate the capability of the platform to identify ECM and growth factor protein candidates that support islet viability and function and reveal synergies in cell response. View Full-Text
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Delalat, B.; Rojas-Canales, D.M.; Rasi Ghaemi, S.; Waibel, M.; Harding, F.J.; Penko, D.; Drogemuller, C.J.; Loudovaris, T.; Coates, P.T.H.; Voelcker, N.H. A Combinatorial Protein Microarray for Probing Materials Interaction with Pancreatic Islet Cell Populations. Microarrays 2016, 5, 21.
Delalat B, Rojas-Canales DM, Rasi Ghaemi S, Waibel M, Harding FJ, Penko D, Drogemuller CJ, Loudovaris T, Coates PTH, Voelcker NH. A Combinatorial Protein Microarray for Probing Materials Interaction with Pancreatic Islet Cell Populations. Microarrays. 2016; 5(3):21.Chicago/Turabian Style
Delalat, Bahman; Rojas-Canales, Darling M.; Rasi Ghaemi, Soraya; Waibel, Michaela; Harding, Frances J.; Penko, Daniella; Drogemuller, Christopher J.; Loudovaris, Thomas; Coates, Patrick T.H.; Voelcker, Nicolas H. 2016. "A Combinatorial Protein Microarray for Probing Materials Interaction with Pancreatic Islet Cell Populations." Microarrays 5, no. 3: 21.
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