Pallidal Stimulation Modulates Pedunculopontine Nuclei in Parkinson’s Disease
AbstractBackground: In advanced Parkinson’s disease, the pedunculopontine nucleus region is thought to be abnormally inhibited by gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) ergic inputs from the over-active globus pallidus internus. Recent attempts to boost pedunculopontine nucleus function through deep brain stimulation are promising, but suffer from the incomplete understanding of the physiology of the pedunculopontine nucleus region. Methods: Local field potentials of the pedunculopontine nucleus region and the globus pallidus internus were recorded and quantitatively analyzed in a patient with Parkinson’s disease. In particular, we compared the local field potentials from the pedunculopontine nucleus region at rest and during deep brain stimulation of the globus pallidus internus. Results: At rest, the spectrum of local field potentials in the globus pallidus internus was mainly characterized by delta-theta and beta frequency activity whereas the spectrum of the pedunculopontine nucleus region was dominated by activity only in the delta and theta band. High-frequency deep brain stimulation of the globus pallidus internus led to increased theta activity in the pedunculopontine nucleus region and enabled information exchange between the left and right pedunculopontine nuclei. Therefore, Conclusions: When applying deep brain stimulation in the globus pallidus internus, its modulatory effect on pedunculopontine nucleus physiology should be taken into account. View Full-Text
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Galazky, I.; Kluge, C.; Schmitt, F.C.; Kopitzki, K.; Zaehle, T.; Voges, J.; Büntjen, L.; Kupsch, A.; Hinrichs, H. Pallidal Stimulation Modulates Pedunculopontine Nuclei in Parkinson’s Disease. Brain Sci. 2018, 8, 117.
Galazky I, Kluge C, Schmitt FC, Kopitzki K, Zaehle T, Voges J, Büntjen L, Kupsch A, Hinrichs H. Pallidal Stimulation Modulates Pedunculopontine Nuclei in Parkinson’s Disease. Brain Sciences. 2018; 8(7):117.Chicago/Turabian Style
Galazky, Imke; Kluge, Christian; Schmitt, Friedhelm C.; Kopitzki, Klaus; Zaehle, Tino; Voges, Jürgen; Büntjen, Lars; Kupsch, Andreas; Hinrichs, Hermann. 2018. "Pallidal Stimulation Modulates Pedunculopontine Nuclei in Parkinson’s Disease." Brain Sci. 8, no. 7: 117.
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