Next Article in Journal
Musical Experience, Sensorineural Auditory Processing, and Reading Subskills in Adults
Previous Article in Journal
Different Hemodynamic Responses of the Primary Motor Cortex Accompanying Eccentric and Concentric Movements: A Functional NIRS Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
Exploring Behavioral Correlates of Afferent Inhibition
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Brain Sci. 2018, 8(5), 76; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci8050076

Chiropractic Manipulation Increases Maximal Bite Force in Healthy Individuals

1
Centre for Chiropractic Research, New Zealand College of Chiropractic, 1060 Auckland, New Zealand
2
School of Medicine, Koç University, 34450 Istanbul, Turkey
3
Centre for Chiropractic Research, New Zealand College of Chiropractic, 1060 Auckland, New Zealand
4
Health & Rehabilitation Research Institute, Auckland University of Technology, 1142 Auckland, New Zealand
5
SMI, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, DK-9220 Aalborg, Denmark
6
Dr. Sid E. Williams Center for Chiropractic Research, Life University, Marietta, GA 30060, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 March 2018 / Revised: 17 April 2018 / Accepted: 24 April 2018 / Published: 27 April 2018
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1164 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]   |  

Abstract

Recent research has shown that chiropractic spinal manipulation can alter central sensorimotor integration and motor cortical drive to human voluntary muscles of the upper and lower limb. The aim of this paper was to explore whether spinal manipulation could also influence maximal bite force. Twenty-eight people were divided into two groups of 14, one that received chiropractic care and one that received sham chiropractic care. All subjects were naive to chiropractic. Maximum bite force was assessed pre- and post-intervention and at 1-week follow up. Bite force in the chiropractic group increased compared to the control group (p = 0.02) post-intervention and this between-group difference was also present at the 1-week follow-up (p < 0.01). Bite force in the chiropractic group increased significantly by 11.0% (±18.6%) post-intervention (p = 0.04) and remained increased by 13.0% (±12.9%, p = 0.04) at the 1 week follow up. Bite force did not change significantly in the control group immediately after the intervention (−2.3 ± 9.0%, p = 0.20), and decreased by 6.3% (±3.4%, p = 0.01) at the 1-week follow-up. These results indicate that chiropractic spinal manipulation can increase maximal bite force. View Full-Text
Keywords: total maximal bite force; chiropractic care; spinal manipulation total maximal bite force; chiropractic care; spinal manipulation
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Haavik, H.; Özyurt, M.G.; Niazi, I.K.; Holt, K.; Nedergaard, R.W.; Yilmaz, G.; Türker, K.S. Chiropractic Manipulation Increases Maximal Bite Force in Healthy Individuals. Brain Sci. 2018, 8, 76.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Brain Sci. EISSN 2076-3425 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top